Whitwell Common
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[Gipsyhill Quarry]
[Limestone Quarry]
[North Walls Farm]
[Cinders Farm]




Changes to this area taken from Maps and Aerial Photographs.

SK 49907860 N.W. corner of Parish on Boundary, now area of rough ground and cultivated field. (See P.B. record.)
1839 Tithe Map - wood shown.
1840 O.S. Map - Barks wood with 'dog leg' south boundary.
1883 O.S. Map - Barks Wood named.
1923 O.S. Map - Barks Wood named.

1947 and 1954 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS - Barks wood has gone though a few trees shown on site of wood, with southern boundary visible.

1983 O.S. Map - south (dog leg) still marked, though nothing visible on ground.

1987 revision Map

N.B.    Large tree stump found on line of Parish Boundary when surveying. (See P.B. record)

Until 1954 field patterns on the Common remained much as they had done since the 18th and early 19th century enclosures.  Sometime between 1954 and 1971 the patterns change, fields becoming larger, presumably as mechanisation took over though it is interesting to see some of the old outlines can be traced in the crop marks from the photographs.

Whitwell Common From Cross Road Junction of Bondhay Road, Packman Lane, Harthill Field Lane to below Castle Hill Farm.

Line In NE/SW direction

1  In shallow valley following line of the Bondhay Dyke which runs north from Cinders Farm.  This stream forms the boundary and had been recently cleared out, some sections of the bank bare, others being recolonised by plant life.
Plants already growing in plenty; Meadow Buttercup, Cleaver, Cow Parsley, Dock, Stinging Nettle, White Dead Nettle, Field Thistles, Hedge Woundwort.
Evidence of Great Hairy Willow Herb and Watercress in stream and on bank Jack by the Hedge (White Mustard), Germander Speedwell, Chickweed and Heartsease.  A small evidence of Coltsfoot having been present.
North side of stream is hedged (out of Parish), South side arable land rising to woodland.
2 After the Junction with Bondhay Dyke the boundary runs in NW/SE direction rising to Castle Hill and the farm.  Boundary Line marked by dry ditch cleaned out in places and a neglected hedge cut back in some parts.  As ground rose ditch ended, pipes underground on line to Castle Hill.
Land use, part set aside, part fenced sheep pasture.
Plants: Cow Parsley, Dock, Stinging Nettle, Thistle, Dog's     Mercury and 3 heads of Horsetail and 1 Cranesbill.
Hedge: A variety of trees, shrubs, Blackberry, Blackthorn, Hawthorn, Wild Rose, Hazel, Pussy Willow.

Boundary Site     Castle Hill Farm to Walls Lane

Orientation East-West to the north of Castle Hill Farm on rising ground going west beyond the farm and below it.

Section 1

Old Boundary hedge with stream below.
10’ plus high and 6' plus wide with fully-grown trees and shrubs.
Ash, Blackthorn, Hawthorn and Hazel in abundance with some Guelder Rose, Elder and cherry Plum.

Plant Life        Very little, Thistle, ivy, Dog Mercury.
Sheep pasture therefore ground closely cropped.

Section 2

Continues East-West level ground, boundary hedge well trimmed as field under crop and not walkable until footpath about half way through field.

This hedge appeared to be mainly Elder, Hawthorn and Hazel but may have contained some or all of the shrubs found in the second half after the footpath.  There were Blackberry, Blackthorn, (Sloe) Field Maple, Holly, 6 metres of Wild Plum, Dogwood and Dog Rose.  A very large old tree stump, roughly 2' across and towards the wood end, gaps in the hedge with old fencing posts in places.  Plants were varied, see listing, and Black Bryony growing up the hedge.

This hedge continued to end of field where there is an open area giving access to fields North and South under wheat, and the rough ground had a variety of wild flowers, Purple Vetch, Ox-Eye Daisy, Rose Bay Willow Herb, which were continued along the rough ground beside the wood.

Section 3

Car Plantation.  Boundary turns south along the edge of this deciduous wood in shallow valley with an arable wheat field to the East and a wet ditch between field edge and wood.  As can be seen from sheet 4 a great variety of tree, shrub and plant life was evident.  The Alder and Sallow Willow showing how damp the conditions can be.

Section 4

Wood (which from appearance of Hedge) may have extended further South, ended and land rose slightly towards South following line of hedge, the ditch disappearing as the land rose, possibly an enclosure hedge as little variety in shrubs and plants.

At the point in the hedge where a young Ash tree and a Telephone Pole are found the Boundary leaves the hedge and follows a curved line across a field (under crop, wheat) until it reaches Walls Lane at the East edge of a small copse, the 1883 O.S. Map shows a small square building at this point, but it disappeared on the 1899 Map.

The Parish Boundary crosses Walls Lane to continue down Eastwood Farm Lane.

Parish Boundary from Eastwood Farm Lane (1823 Annex Map called West Hall Road) Junction with Walls Lane to A619 Lane

1 Varied hedge with plenty of Dog Rose, Sycamore, Elm and Holly; the presence of Yellow Archangel, a woodland flower, asks the question was this lane heavily tread at one time.  Many other hedgerow flowers, particularly Dandelion and Jack in the Hedge.
2 Boundary goes down the Hermitage Drive and turns East through Orchard to Spinney, - very overgrown with variety of trees including Beech, Dog Rose and Spindle.  Bluebells, Dog's Mercury and Jack in the Hedge most common.
3 Turn south across open field area - no evidence of a hedge since the nineteenth century.  Now Pea field to East - set aside to the West.
4 Turn East - boundary on edge of partly cleared woodland, Some timber Sycamore left on boundary line, with Elder beneath and one lonely Hawthorn at end of section. Woodland flowers, Bluebells, Lords and Ladies, Dog Mercury and particularly Wood Avens in abundance.
5 Continuation of 4 well kept hedge that had been much higher in the past, with heavy roots of Sycamore and Spindle.  Also Blackthorn, Dog Rose and Spindle.  Proximity to woodland meant plants of Dog's Mercury, Bluebells and Wood Avens were mixed with usual hedgerow plants.  No access from section 5 to 6.
6 Gate in corner.  Old Double Hedge on curve to South West, gaps showed age and height.  A lot of Holly, some Hawthorn, massive roots of Ash as well showed ancient layering.  This led round to farm buildings.  This hedge on 1823 Annexe Map was called Clowne Close Road.
7/8 Where boundary goes through Little Walls farmyard and joins lane/cart track leading to A619.

Going South from Little Walls along lane - land to west out of Parish hedged.  To the East open field edge to A619, set aside, in last field, a strawberry crop in the field bordering A619.

Plants: Fields cropped to edge of lane therefore a few, as can be seen on the record.
Some White Dead Nettle and Red and White Campion on border of set aside field.


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