[North Walls Farm]
COMMON PHASE 1.
to this area taken from Maps and Aerial Photographs.
49907860 N.W. corner of Parish on Boundary, now area of rough ground and
cultivated field. (See P.B. record.)
1839 Tithe Map - wood shown.
O.S. Map - Barks wood with 'dog leg' south boundary.
1883 O.S. Map - Barks Wood named.
1923 O.S. Map - Barks Wood named.
and 1954 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS
- Barks wood has gone though a few trees shown on site of wood, with southern
O.S. Map - south (dog leg) still marked, though nothing visible on ground.
Large tree stump found on line of Parish Boundary when surveying. (See
Until 1954 field patterns on the Common remained much as they had done since the
18th and early 19th century enclosures. Sometime
between 1954 and 1971 the patterns change, fields becoming larger, presumably as
mechanisation took over though it is interesting to see some of the old outlines
can be traced in the crop marks from the photographs.
Common From Cross Road Junction of Bondhay Road, Packman Lane, Harthill Field
Lane to below Castle Hill Farm.
In NE/SW direction
shallow valley following line of the Bondhay Dyke which runs north from
Cinders Farm. This stream forms the boundary and had been recently cleared
out, some sections of the bank bare, others being recolonised by plant
already growing in plenty; Meadow Buttercup, Cleaver, Cow Parsley, Dock,
Stinging Nettle, White Dead Nettle, Field Thistles, Hedge Woundwort.
of Great Hairy Willow Herb and Watercress in stream and on bank Jack by
the Hedge (White Mustard), Germander Speedwell, Chickweed and Heartsease.
A small evidence of Coltsfoot having been present.
side of stream is hedged (out of Parish), South side arable land rising to
the Junction with Bondhay Dyke the boundary runs in NW/SE direction rising
to Castle Hill and the farm. Boundary
Line marked by dry ditch cleaned out in places and a neglected hedge cut
back in some parts. As ground
rose ditch ended, pipes underground on line to Castle Hill.
||Land use, part set aside, part fenced sheep
Cow Parsley, Dock, Stinging Nettle, Thistle,
Dog's Mercury and 3 heads of Horsetail and 1
A variety of trees, shrubs, Blackberry, Blackthorn, Hawthorn, Wild
Rose, Hazel, Pussy Willow.
Boundary Site Castle
Hill Farm to Walls Lane
East-West to the north of Castle Hill Farm on rising ground going west beyond
the farm and below it.
Boundary hedge with stream below.
plus high and 6' plus wide with fully-grown trees and shrubs.
Blackthorn, Hawthorn and Hazel in abundance with some Guelder Rose, Elder and
little, Thistle, ivy, Dog Mercury.
Sheep pasture therefore ground closely cropped.
East-West level ground, boundary hedge well trimmed as field under crop and not
walkable until footpath about half way through field.
hedge appeared to be mainly Elder, Hawthorn and Hazel but may have contained
some or all of the shrubs found in the second half after the footpath.
There were Blackberry, Blackthorn, (Sloe) Field Maple, Holly, 6 metres of
Wild Plum, Dogwood and Dog Rose. A
very large old tree stump, roughly 2' across and towards the wood end, gaps in
the hedge with old fencing posts in places.
Plants were varied, see listing, and Black Bryony growing up the hedge.
hedge continued to end of field where there is an open area giving access to
fields North and South under wheat, and the rough ground had a variety of wild
flowers, Purple Vetch, Ox-Eye Daisy, Rose Bay Willow Herb, which were continued
along the rough ground beside the wood.
Plantation. Boundary turns south
along the edge of this deciduous wood in shallow valley with an arable wheat
field to the East and a wet ditch between field edge and wood.
As can be seen from sheet 4 a great variety of tree, shrub and plant life
was evident. The Alder and Sallow
Willow showing how damp the conditions can be.
(which from appearance of Hedge) may have extended further South, ended and land
rose slightly towards South following line of hedge, the ditch disappearing as
the land rose, possibly an enclosure hedge as little variety in shrubs and
the point in the hedge where a young Ash tree and a Telephone Pole are found the
Boundary leaves the hedge and follows a curved line across a field (under crop,
wheat) until it reaches Walls Lane at the East edge of a small copse, the 1883
O.S. Map shows a small square building at this point, but it disappeared on the
Parish Boundary crosses Walls Lane to continue down Eastwood Farm Lane.
Boundary from Eastwood Farm Lane (1823 Annex Map called West Hall Road)
Junction with Walls Lane to A619 Lane
hedge with plenty of Dog Rose, Sycamore, Elm and Holly; the presence of
Yellow Archangel, a woodland flower, asks the question was this lane
heavily tread at one time. Many
other hedgerow flowers, particularly Dandelion and Jack in the Hedge.
goes down the Hermitage Drive and turns East through Orchard to Spinney, -
very overgrown with variety of trees including Beech, Dog Rose and
Spindle. Bluebells, Dog's Mercury and Jack in the Hedge most common.
south across open field area - no evidence of a hedge since the nineteenth
century. Now Pea field to East - set aside to the West.
East - boundary on edge of partly cleared woodland, Some timber Sycamore
left on boundary line, with Elder beneath and one lonely Hawthorn at end
of section. Woodland flowers, Bluebells, Lords and Ladies, Dog Mercury and
particularly Wood Avens in abundance.
of 4 well kept hedge that had been much higher in the past, with heavy
roots of Sycamore and Spindle. Also
Blackthorn, Dog Rose and Spindle. Proximity
to woodland meant plants of Dog's Mercury, Bluebells and Wood Avens were
mixed with usual hedgerow plants. No
access from section 5 to 6.
in corner. Old Double Hedge
on curve to South West, gaps showed age and height.
A lot of Holly, some Hawthorn, massive roots of Ash as well showed
ancient layering. This led
round to farm buildings. This
hedge on 1823 Annexe Map was called Clowne Close Road.
boundary goes through Little Walls farmyard and joins lane/cart track
leading to A619.
South from Little Walls along lane - land to west out of Parish hedged.
To the East open field edge to A619, set aside, in last field, a
strawberry crop in the field bordering A619.
Fields cropped to edge of lane
therefore a few, as can be seen on the record.
White Dead Nettle and Red and White Campion on border of set aside field.